Wednesday, March 16, 2016

Well of Zamzam, Makkah, Saudi Arabia (English)

Originally Posted on June 23, 2009:

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Zamzam Well


The Well of Zamzam (or the Zamzam Well, or just Zamzam; Arabic: زمزم‎) is a well located within the Masjid al-Haram in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, 20 m (66 ft) east of the Kaaba,[1] the holiest place in Islam. It is a miraculously generated source of water from Allah, which began thousands of years ago when Ibrāhīm's AS infant son Ishmael (ʼIsmāʻīl) AS was thirsty and kept crying for water. Millions of pilgrims visit the well each year while performing the Hajj or Umrah pilgrimages, in order to drink its water.

One of the miracles of ZamZam water is its ability to satisfy both thirst and hunger.

The Zamzam Well, except for a few periods when it became dry or was buried under sand, has been in use for around 4000 years (since 2000 BC).

It never changed the taste, no Algea or plant growth in the pond. This small pond provides water to millions of people through heavy motors pulling 8000 litres per second and after 24 hours in only 11 mins completes its level. Thus its water level never decreases.

Traditional origin of the Zamzam Well


Zamzam Well was revealed to Hājara, the second wife of Ibrāhīm[2] AS and mother of Ishmael AS.[3] By the instruction of Allah, Ibrāhīm AS left his wife and son at a spot in the desert and walked away. She was desperately seeking water for her infant son, but she could not find any, as Makkah is located in a hot dry valley with few sources of water. Hājara ran seven times back and forth in the scorching heat between the two hills of Safa and Marwah, looking for water. Getting thirstier by the second, the infant Ishmael scraped the land with his feet, where suddenly water sprang out. There are other versions of the story involving Allah sending his angelJibra'il, who kicked the ground with his heel (or wing), and the water rose.[4] A similar story about a well is also mentioned in the Bible.[5]
The name of the well comes from the phrase Zomë Zomë, meaning "stop flowing", a command repeated by Hājara during her attempt to contain the spring water.[1]

Ibrāhīm rebuilt the Bayt Allah ("House of God", cognate of the Hebrew-derived place name Bethel) near the site of the well, a building which had been originally constructed by Adam (Adem) AS, and today is called the Kaaba, a building toward which Muslims around the world face in prayer, five times each day. The Zamzam Well is located approximately 20 m (66 ft) east of the Kaaba.[1]

The area around the spring, which was later converted to a well, became a resting place for caravans, and eventually grew into the trading city of Makkah, birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).[1]

History


According to IslamOnline, the well originally had two cisterns in the first era, one for drinking and one for ablution.[4] At that time, it was a simple well surrounded by a fence of stones. Then in the era of the Abbasid caliph Al-Mansur 771 AD[6] (154/155 AH)[7] a dome was built above the well, and it was tiled with marble. In 775 AD (158/159 AH),[7] Al-Mahdi rebuilt the well during his caliphate, and built a dome of teak which was covered with mosaic. One small dome covered the well, and a larger dome covered the room for the pilgrims. In 835 AD (220 AH)[7] there was further restoration, and the dome was covered with marble during the caliphate of Al-Mu'tasim.[4]

In 1417 (819/820 AH),[7] during the time of the Mamluks, the mosque was damaged by fire, and required restoration. Further restoration occurred in 1430 (833/834 AH),[7] and again in 1499 (904/95 AH)[7] during the time of Sultan Qaitbay, when the marble was replaced.[4]

In modern times, the most extensive restoration took place to the dome during the era of the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II in 1915[8] (1333/1334 AH).[7] To facilitate crowd control, the building housing the Zamzam was moved away from its original location, to get it out of the way of the Tawaf, when millions of pilgrims would circumambulate the Kaaba. The water of the well is now pumped to the eastern part of the mosque, where it was made available in separate locations for men and women.[4]
 

Technical information

 

See original image

The Zamzam well was excavated by hand, and is about 30 m (98 ft) deep and 1.08 to 2.66 m (3 ft 7 in to 8 ft 9 in) in diameter. It taps groundwater from the wadi alluvium and some from the bedrock.
Originally water from the well was drawn via ropes and buckets, but today the well itself is in a basement room where it can be seen behind glass panels (visitors are not allowed to enter). Electric pumps draw the water, which is available throughout the Masjid al-Haram via water fountains and dispensing containers near the Tawaf area.[1]

Zamzam water is colourless and odorless, but has a distinct taste, with a pH of 7.9–8.0, indicating that it is alkaline to some extent.
 


Zamzam Studies and Research Centre
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http://www.sgs.org.sa/English/earth/pages/zamzam.aspx



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urShadow's Blog: The Story of Ishmael AS - Chapter 9 (And Allah's Statement: "... hastening."), Book 60 (Prophets), Sahih Al-Bukhari (English/Arabic/Urdu)
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http://naumankhan.blogspot.com/2009/01/mother-of-is…



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urShadow's Blog: Video: Water Reacts to the Quran & Secrets of ZamZam - Masaru Emoto (English)
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http://naumankhan.blogspot.com/2016/02/video-water-…



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urShadow's Blog: Saudi Airlines Baggage, Flight Check-in & Boarding Requirements (Updated)
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http://naumankhan.blogspot.com/2013/08/saudi-airlin…



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urShadow's Blog: Airlines Allowing Carrying Zam Zam Bottle with Luggage, Free of Cost, at Riyadh Airport, Saudi Arabia (Updated)
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http://naumankhan.blogspot.com/2015/06/airlines-all…



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urShadow's Blog: Attractions/Places to Visit/See in Al Ahsa (Al Hofuf), Ash Sharqiyah (Eastern Province), Saudi Arabia – Tour/Travel/Trip Guide (Updated)
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http://naumankhan.blogspot.com/2013/05/places-to-vi…



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urShadow's Blog: Useful Locations while Travelling to Makkah from Riyadh (Updated)
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urShadow's Blog: How to Buy Zam Zam Water Bottles from King Abdullah Zam Zam Water Distribution Center, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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http://naumankhan.blogspot.com/2015/07/how-to-buy-z…



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urShadow's Blog: New Policy of Saudi Airlines for carrying Zam Zam Water (Updated)
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urShadow's Blog: How to buy Zam Zam water in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (Updated)
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http://naumankhan.blogspot.com/2013/11/how-to-buy-z…



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From: Muhammad Naveed Khan


-urShadow


References: 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zamzam_Well 
https://wikiislam.net/wiki/Drinking_Zamzam_Water_and_its_Health_Risks

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